Hammer toes: All You Need To Know


Hammer toes are a common foot condition affecting many individuals in Sydney and worldwide. It is characterised by a bend in the toe’s middle joint, which causes the toe to resemble a hammer. This can cause pain, discomfort, and difficulty in wearing shoes. This blog post discusses everything Sydneysiders need to know about hammer toes, including causes, symptoms, and treatment options. You can also find out about the treatment of hammer toes in Sydney.

Causes of Hammer Toes

There are a variety of factors that can contribute to the development of hammer toes. Some of the most common causes include:

  • Genetics: Some people are more prone to developing hammer toes due to their family history.
  • Footwear: Wearing ill-fitting or tight shoes can put pressure on the toes, leading to the development of hammer toes over time.
  • Trauma: Injuries to the feet can cause hammer toes to develop due to the healing process.
  • Medical Conditions: Certain conditions, such as diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis, can increase the risk of developing hammer toes. Sydney, especially western Sydney, is a hotspot for diabetes, so it’s not uncommon to find most cases of hammer toes from around here.

Symptoms of Hammer Toes

The symptoms of hammer toes can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Some common symptoms include:

  • Pain And Discomfort: The bent joint in the toe can cause pain and discomfort, especially when wearing shoes.
  • Calluses And Corns: The rubbing of the bent toe against shoes can cause calluses and corns to develop.
  • Difficulty In Moving The Toe: As the condition worsens, it can become increasingly difficult to move the affected toe.
  • Inflammation: The toe may become swollen and inflamed due to the bending.

Treatment Options

There are various options available for individuals wanting treatment for hammer toes in Sydney. The best course of treatment will depend on the severity of the condition and the individual’s lifestyle and preferences. Some standard treatment options include:

  • Conservative Treatment: This may include wearing wider shoes to reduce pressure on the toes, using orthotic inserts, and doing exercises to stretch and strengthen the muscles in the feet.
  • Surgery: In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to correct the deformity. This can include procedures such as joint fusion or tendon transfer.


There are steps that Sydneysiders can take to prevent the development of hammer toes.

  • Wear Shoes That Fit Well: Make sure to choose comfortable shoes that provide enough room for the toes to move.
  • Avoid High Heels: High heels can put a lot of pressure on the toes and should be worn moderately or avoided altogether.
  • Stretch And Exercise: Regular stretching and exercises can help to strengthen the muscles in the feet and reduce the risk of developing hammer toes. There are at least a few exercises that Sydneysiders can do to keep themselves fit and healthy.
  • Keep Diabetes And Arthritis Under Control: For those with diabetes or arthritis, it’s essential to keep these conditions under control to reduce the risk of developing hammer toes.


Hammer’s toes are a common foot condition that can cause pain and discomfort. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options is essential for individuals in Sydney who may be affected by this condition. Proper treatment and preventative measures make it possible to manage and correct hammer toes. With that being said, if people are experiencing severe pain or discomfort in their toes, it is essential to consult a doctor or podiatrist to determine the best course of treatment that can be the most effective for them.